The Response of the Parties in the 2014 Elections
Chapter IV. The Electoral Programmes
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The Electoral Programmes
The European Parliamentary Elections of 2014
In the eighth direct elections to the EP of May 2014, 413 million citizens were called to vote the election of 751 MEPs (15 more than in the previous legislature) and again, the epithet of “second degree” was confirmed and repeated with the low turnout achieved (42.5%, even lower than in 2009 at 43%). These elections were held in a context of severe crisis in the EU which in reality encompasses three dimensions that will need to be addressed simultaneously if an eventual solution is to be found.
In the first place, an economic crisis from 2008, aggravated by the absence of a genuinely accountable and transparent European economic government and by inflexible uncompromising orthodox recipes applied by the “troika” (Commission, ECB, IMF) have been counterproductive. What stands out, in consequence, is the extremely negative management of the Eurozone: 26 million unemployed, serious rifts between the north and south of the EU, an abysmal fiscal imbalance between Germany and the other euro area countries and rising public debt from 75% to 88% of European GDP. The policies of “structural reforms” and austerity have only achieved the prevention of any return to growth and have increased social inequalities: deregulation, privatisation, liberalisation, “flexiblisation” of the labour market, wage “moderation”, pension containment, tax reductions (particularly for large fortunes) and drastic cuts in public spending have profoundly altered the traditional and...
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