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Le Canada : un pays divers

La diversité culturelle au Canada vue par Jean-Michel Lacroix


Edited By Hélène Harter and Serge Jaumain

À l’heure où les Européens s’interrogent sur les réponses à apporter à l’intensification des flux migratoires, le Canada où la gestion de l’immigration et de la diversité culturelle occupe une place centrale dans la vie intellectuelle et politique depuis les années 1960 attire l’attention de nombreux observateurs.
Saisir la complexité et la richesse de ces débats, nécessite une étude fine de l’évolution de la société canadienne. Qui de mieux que Jean-Michel Lacroix pouvait livrer cette analyse ?
Ce « canadianiste » internationalement reconnu, pionnier des études canadiennes tant en France qu’au niveau international a publié pendant une trentaine d’année des textes de référence sur les questions d’immigration et de multiculturalisme. Hélène Harter et Serge Jaumain ont choisi de réunir ici une sélection de ses articles qui restent d’une étonnante actualité et permettent de suivre l’évolution d’une pensée originale bien loin des clichés et autres idées reçues sur la réalité canadienne.
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Recent Trends in Immigration Policy in Canada Based on an Analysis of the Census 1981 (1985)


Recent Trends in Immigration Policy in Canada Based on an Analysis of the 1981 Census (1985)1

I would like to start off with the 1981 Census – the results having just been published2 – in order to make the most of recent data on the subject of immigration and to put forward remarks from a foreign observer’s point of view.

My goal will be to attempt to interpret the meaning of the evolution of the ethnic composition of Canadian society, and to evaluate the problems that have arisen, or that may arise in the very near future.

It would seem unnecessary to remind you of the importance of the demographic realities of a country which would have a radically different character if it were more densely populated. As far as the evolution of the population is concerned, there are two areas which merit our close attention: on the one hand, the rate of natural growth, and on the other hand, the actual contribution of immigration, that is to say net migration. I have already had the occasion to write3 that natural growth has played a more important role than immigration in Canada’s demographic expansion, and that the rate of this growth has just experienced a new and perturbing decline during the decade from 1971 to 1981. Given this fact, there is a general tendency to continue believing that Canadian society is, in many respects, ideal. Besides retaining an image of a pluralistic democracy safe from...

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