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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2015

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Edited By Interdepartmental Centre on Human Rights

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2015 provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.
The 2015 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy in 2014 by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
«Italy and Human Rights in 2014: the Challenge of National/International Constitutional Synergism» is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. The complex network of monitoring actions carried out by the supranational bodies, and the relative reporting requirements Italy must meet, can only be viewed in the context of reciprocal exchange and strengthening between the provisions enshrined in the national Constitution and international human rights law.
The Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2015 represents an updated orientation tool intended to support the commitment taken by the Italian Government in the framework of the second Universal Periodic Review (October 2014) before the UN Human Rights Council.
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Humanitarian and Criminal Law

Extract

Italy is party to all the main international conventions on the law of armed conflict and international criminal law.

In terms of its commitments to disarmament and non-proliferation, on 2 April 2014, Italy deposited the ratification instrument of the Arms Trade Treaty.

Still linked to the arms sector, the obligation to present regular reports on the state of implementation of the provisions of the various conventions becomes particularly significant. In this respect, during 2014 Italy presented the annual report established by the Convention against Anti-personnel Mines; the report required by the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons (2 April 2014), that pertaining to the relative Protocol on Landmines, Booby Traps and Other Devices and that of the Protocol on Explosive Remnants of War; and the annual report required by the Oslo Convention banning cluster mines (April 2014).

In 2014, with two legislative degrees converted into law by Parliament (l.d. 16 January 2014, No. 2, converted by law 14 March 2014, No. 28 and l.d. 1 August 2014, No. 109, converted by law 1 October 2014, No. 141), Italy financed the extension of the participation of Italian military and civilian personnel in international missions. Changes from 2013 are that Italy began operations in India/Pakistan, Morocco and Egypt. The list below shows the military and police missions in which Italy participated with its own forces in the course of 2014.

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