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The Weight of the Social Economy

An International Perspective


CIRIEC, Marie J. Bouchard and Damien Rousselière

What is the weight of the social economy? How should we measure it? Throughout the world, cooperatives, non-profit and mutual benefit organizations, foundations and other social enterprises play an important role in job creation, social cohesion, social innovation, regional development and environmental protection. Observations tend to confirm the ability of the social economy to contribute to balancing economies, mainly by serving as an anti-cyclical force in the face of economic crises. However, many countries and regions lack statistical information about its weight, size and scope on their territory.
This book fills a gap in the literature about the social economy. It seeks to explain why it is important to have statistics on it, to understand how they are produced, and to project how the social economy might be better understood in the future. The book offers researchers and decision-makers an overview of the current state of knowledge on these topics.
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So, What Does a Social Economy Enterprise Produce?



Associate professor, HEC-Management School,Université de Liège, Belgium

Michel MARÉE

Senior researcher, Center for Social Economy,HEC-Management School, Université de Liège, Belgium

Whatever definition is retained, it is generally accepted that a social economy enterprise is an organization that can be considered an enterprise. By enterprise, we mean any entity designed to produce or distribute goods or services, regardless of its legal status or method of financing.1

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