Edited By Lucia Bonfreschi, Giovanni Orsina and Antonio Varsori
Nationalism and Europeanism. Political Catalanism and the Spain-Europe Relationship, 1949-1986
Nationalism and Europeanism
Political Catalanism and the Spain-Europe Relationship, 1949-1986
Carlos LÓPEZ GÓMEZ
Associate Lecturer, Universidad Antonio de Nebrija, Madrid
This chapter aims at describing the Europeanist trend of Catalan Nationalism during the Franco regime, the Spanish transition to democracy and the negotiations for the accession of Spain to the European Economic Community (EEC).1 Our purpose is to identify the specific traits Catalanist Europeanism has had by comparison with other political trends in contemporary Spain in a period where the idea of Europe has been meaningful for the whole of the country as a symbol of normalisation and democratisation.2
It is well known that General Franco’s dictatorship, established at the end of the Spanish Civil War in 1939, imposed a rigid Spanish Nationalism all over the country, disdaining and repressing all cultural – and especially political – manifestations of those regions with a strong historical character, including the use of their languages. Thus, Catalan Nationalism, which during the Second Republic (1931-1939) had had a prominent role in the region, was ostracised after Franco’s rise to power. Most Nationalist Catalan forces continued to exist in exile or clandestinely after 1939, like Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC, Republican Left of Catalonia), which had held the Generalitat (regional government) from 1932 to 1939, or the Christian Democrat Unió Democràtica de Catalunya (UDC, Democratic Union of Catalonia), founded in 1931, which would promote numerous pro-European initiatives during the Franco era. ← 349 | 350...
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