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European Parties and the European Integration Process, 1945–1992


Edited By Lucia Bonfreschi, Giovanni Orsina and Antonio Varsori

The present volume brings together three different traditions of historical study: national politics, European integration, and political parties. Since the 1980s, there has been an enlargement of the scope of political history. This attempt to transcend national boundaries can intersect with the new strands of European integration history, paying much more attention to transnational perspectives and forces. The chapters comprised in this book attempt to forge a dialogue between these new methodologies and the study of political parties in manifold ways. Firstly, in the study of party foreign and European politics – how parties have perceived themselves as belonging not only to the national political game, but also to a wider transnational, and European one. Secondly, party history can transcend national boundaries through the study of international and European party cooperation. Thirdly, it can offer worthwhile avenues of study on how political families deal with European integration not along ideological cleavages but along national ones. This volume fills a crucial gap of European historiography by comparing parties’ discourses/platforms/policies on European integration and by developing national, comparative and transnational approaches.
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Nationalism and Europeanism. Political Catalanism and the Spain-Europe Relationship, 1949-1986


Nationalism and Europeanism

Political Catalanism and the Spain-Europe Relationship, 1949-1986


Associate Lecturer, Universidad Antonio de Nebrija, Madrid

This chapter aims at describing the Europeanist trend of Catalan Nationalism during the Franco regime, the Spanish transition to democracy and the negotiations for the accession of Spain to the European Economic Community (EEC).1 Our purpose is to identify the specific traits Catalanist Europeanism has had by comparison with other political trends in contemporary Spain in a period where the idea of Europe has been meaningful for the whole of the country as a symbol of normalisation and democratisation.2

It is well known that General Franco’s dictatorship, established at the end of the Spanish Civil War in 1939, imposed a rigid Spanish Nationalism all over the country, disdaining and repressing all cultural – and especially political – manifestations of those regions with a strong historical character, including the use of their languages. Thus, Catalan Nationalism, which during the Second Republic (1931-1939) had had a prominent role in the region, was ostracised after Franco’s rise to power. Most Nationalist Catalan forces continued to exist in exile or clandestinely after 1939, like Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC, Republican Left of Catalonia), which had held the Generalitat (regional government) from 1932 to 1939, or the Christian Democrat Unió Democràtica de Catalunya (UDC, Democratic Union of Catalonia), founded in 1931, which would promote numerous pro-European initiatives during the Franco era. ← 349 | 350...

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