Foreword: European Law and Cultural Policies
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European Law and Cultural Policies
Even if culture today remains more than ever a privileged area of work on meanings and for critical analysis, it has been subject to a massive globalized market. In that general context, European law has acquired an increasing pre-eminence on culture. However, the standpoint of the European Union regarding cultural policies remains ambivalent as some elements of the European law weaken the national cultural policies by favouring cultural markets deregulations while others aim to recognize the specificity of national laws on cultural policies and the development of an original European law on culture.
This volume presents a thorough analysis of the interactions between European law and cultural policies developed at the national or at the European level. It aims at clarifying this interaction on the basis of four questions. The first deals with the scope of the ‘cultural competences’ of the European Union and their connection with the building of a European cultural identity or with the promotion and protection of national cultural policies. The second regards the processes by which European law in general takes into account cultural considerations, whether in the positive integration or in the negative one. The third one consists in a legal evaluation of the effects of European law on the question of culture. The last part aims at assessing, from a politologist point of view, those effects, notably towards national cultural policies.
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