Old and New Populisms
The crisis of democracy and its institutions is due to the parties which fail to self-reform and only seek to do so under obvious pressure from movements and civil society, weary of promises that are continuously postponed and never implemented.
It is perhaps this, caused also by the success of the M5S during the Italian February 2013 general elections, that has obliged some of the traditional political forces to change their political approach. A glimmer of light shines through the fog of traditional politics that, until recently, seemed quite impervious to change. The road to be travelled down is, however, still quite long. Criticism of the parties does not seem as yet to be accompanied by concrete and comprehensive solutions capable of responding to a model, the traditional party, which should not be criticized only. Proposals for government should also be forthcoming, not only oppositional criticism of the destruens variety. Recession and economic crises wait for no man and they risk, from a cultural point of view too, destabilizing this Europe of ours, incapable of providing credible answers.
In the first part of the text we highlighted the fact that the middle classes, the democratic backbone of every society, had won for itself, in the age of modernity, a position of centrality of action and thought, full, however, of numerous contradictions. The Spanish scholar Ortega y Gasset pointed this out, while also suggesting some solutions. The risk of approved “pensée unique” and “spiral...
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