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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2014

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Marco Mascia

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2014, the fourth in the series, provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.
The 2014 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
«Italy and human rights in 2013: the challenges of social justice and the right to peace» is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. With a view on the second Universal Periodic Review of Italy before the Human Rights Council, the Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2014, intended to be an orientation tool with regards to immediate and longterm measures that should be taken to ensure human rights for all in the Country, is integrated by an analysis of the status of implementation of the recommendations made to Italy during the first Universal Periodic Review (2010).
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Sub-national Human Rights Structures

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At the sub-national level, especially by virtue of the inclusion of the “peace human rights norm” in thousands of municipal, provincial and regional statutes, and of the adoption of dedicated regional laws on this topic (see Part I, Italian Law, III), Italy has a number of consultancies, offices, departments, bureaux and centres for human rights, peace, equal opportunity, development cooperation and international solidarity. As was done in previous editions of the Yearbook, three of these structures will be briefly described, as examples.

Vicenza Municipality House for Peace: the House for Peace is the headquarters of the Vicenza Board for the promotion of a culture of peace but is also open to all local associations, groups and individual citizens working on issues relative to peace, nonviolence, human rights and international solidarity. It supports interventions and initiatives which opt for the use of the nonviolent method and promotes the pacific coexistence of the various foreign communities living in the area. One of the many hands-on activities the House for Peace hosts is a documentation centre and several info points on issues concerning peace, nonviolence and human rights.

“Annalena Tonelli” Peace Centre: thanks to an agreement with the Municipality and the Province of Forlì, to which it turns for policies concerning the promotion of peace and cultural integration, the Centre was created with the aim of increasing awareness and cultural growth on the following issues: peace, management and unarmed and nonviolent transformation of conflict, human rights, international cooperation, north-south...

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