Edited By Marco Mascia
The 2014 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
«Italy and human rights in 2013: the challenges of social justice and the right to peace» is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. With a view on the second Universal Periodic Review of Italy before the Human Rights Council, the Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2014, intended to be an orientation tool with regards to immediate and longterm measures that should be taken to ensure human rights for all in the Country, is integrated by an analysis of the status of implementation of the recommendations made to Italy during the first Universal Periodic Review (2010).
Council of Europe
← 216 | 217 → Council of Europe
(CoE, 47 Member States) is the first and most advanced system of promotion and protection of human rights at the regional level. Major bodies of the Council of Europe are the Committee of Ministers and the Parliamentary Assembly. In 1994 the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities was established as an advisory body. The European Court of Human Rights works organically within the institutional framework of the Organisation.
The main legal instrument adopted by the CoE is the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR, 1950) which established the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg (ECtHR); the Convention has been accompanied over the years by 14 protocols (2 new Protocols were adopted in 2013, but they have not entered into force yet). Other essential legal instruments are the European Social Charter (1961, a revised version was adopted in 1996), the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1987), the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (1995), the European Convention on the Exercise of Children’s Rights (1996), the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine (Oviedo Convention, 1997), the Criminal Law and the Civilian Law Conventions on Corruption (1999) and the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2005), the Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse (Lanzarote Convention, 2007) and the Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (Istanbul Convention, 2011).
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