Edited By Marco Mascia
The 2014 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
«Italy and human rights in 2013: the challenges of social justice and the right to peace» is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. With a view on the second Universal Periodic Review of Italy before the Human Rights Council, the Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2014, intended to be an orientation tool with regards to immediate and longterm measures that should be taken to ensure human rights for all in the Country, is integrated by an analysis of the status of implementation of the recommendations made to Italy during the first Universal Periodic Review (2010).
Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe
← 262 | 263 → Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe
Through a multi-dimensional approach to security, the OSCE (57 participating States) operates in the fields of conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation. Among its specific bodies and mechanisms worth noting are the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), the High Commissioner on National Minorities, the Representative on Freedom of the Media and the Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings. Since 1 July 2011, Lamberto Zannier from the Italian diplomatic service is the Secretary General of the OSCE.
The permanent representative of Italy to the OSCE is Ambassador Filippo Formica. 13 members of the Italian Chamber of Deputies and Senate sit in the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly. Head of the Italian parliamentary delegation and President of the Assembly until March 2013, Riccardo Migliori was succeeded by Paolo Roman in the first post following the latest elections in Italy.
Italy is among the main contributor to the OSCE. In 2013, the Italian contribution to the budget was 14.75 million euros (10% of the budget), which was equal to those of France, Germany and the UK. Italy also made a contribution of approximately 1 million euro, also in 2013, to supplement the remuneration of Italian officials seconded to OSCE to participate in electoral observation missions, and help finance OSCE extra-budgetary projects.
The ODIHR is the OSCE’s main body charged with assisting Member States in the implementation of their human dimension commitments. Director of the Office since 2008 has been Ambassador Janez...
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