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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2014

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Edited By Marco Mascia

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2014, the fourth in the series, provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.
The 2014 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
«Italy and human rights in 2013: the challenges of social justice and the right to peace» is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. With a view on the second Universal Periodic Review of Italy before the Human Rights Council, the Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2014, intended to be an orientation tool with regards to immediate and longterm measures that should be taken to ensure human rights for all in the Country, is integrated by an analysis of the status of implementation of the recommendations made to Italy during the first Universal Periodic Review (2010).
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International Humanitarian and Criminal Law

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Italy is party to all the main international conventions on the law of armed conflict and international criminal law.

In terms of its commitments to disarmament and non proliferation, in 2013 Italy ratified with law No. 118, on 4 October 2013, the Arms Trade Treaty, adopted in New York by the United Nations General Assembly on 2 April 2013. The goal of the Treaty, which will come into force following the deposit of the fiftieth ratification instrument, is to better regulate the international trade in conventional arms. The Treaty, aside from providing for a series of restrictions and restraints for States Parties in the areas of exporting, importing, transit and intermediation in the arms sector, in fact, establishes a monitoring system based on periodic reports, a Secretariat and a Conference of the States Parties.

Still in connection with the arms sector, the obligation to present periodic reports on the state of implementation of the provisions of the various conventions is particularly important. In this respect, in the course of 2013 Italy presented the annual report provided for in the Oslo Convention banning cluster mines (30 April 2013); the annual report for the Convention on Anti-Personnel Mines; the report requested by the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons (3 April 2013) and the Protocol to the CCW on Explosive Remnants of War.

In 2013, with two legislative decrees converted into law by Parliament (l.d. 28 December 2012, No. 227...

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