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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2014

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Edited By Marco Mascia

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2014, the fourth in the series, provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.
The 2014 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy’s position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.
«Italy and human rights in 2013: the challenges of social justice and the right to peace» is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. With a view on the second Universal Periodic Review of Italy before the Human Rights Council, the Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2014, intended to be an orientation tool with regards to immediate and longterm measures that should be taken to ensure human rights for all in the Country, is integrated by an analysis of the status of implementation of the recommendations made to Italy during the first Universal Periodic Review (2010).
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Legal Approach to the Chairperson-Rapporteur’s Draft Declaration in Light of the Current Debate on the Right of Peoples to Peace

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By Ambassador Christian Guillermet Fernández[1] and Dr. David Fernández Puyana[2]

1. Introduction

Since the inception of the Human Rights Council in 2006 part of the international community, with the exception of the Group of Eastern and Western European and Others States, has actively been engaged in the promotion of the right to peace through the adoption of several resolutions. However, it should be noted that the promotion of the right of peoples to peace within the UN human rights bodies started at the Commission on Human Rights in 2001. Although many of the States have supported the on-going process, some of them have not recognized the existence of the right to peace under international law. In particular, the Western States and associated countries have constantly showed their opposition to this UN process by arguing that this notion is not correctly linked to human rights. From 2003 to 2005, the Commission on Human Rights decided to change the mandate of this topic by introducing the title of “Promotion of peace as a vital requirement for the full enjoyment of all human rights by all” with the purpose of introducing a more human rights approach to this topic. The purpose of this paper is to analyse this debate by taking into account the positions showed by the different stakeholders. Additionally, the different consultations convened by the Chairperson-Rapporteur on the Open Ended Working Group on the right to peace will also studied. Finally, the paper...

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