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Modelling Dual-Use Trade Control Systems


Odette Jankowitsch-Prevor, Quentin Michel and Sylvain Paile

The Chaudfontaine Group was established in 2010 as an annual two-day gathering of young Europeans with diverse academic backgrounds, including lawyers, economists and political scientists, from relevant national authorities, European institutions, scientific centres and industry. Its members are invited to discuss their respective viewpoints on the European trade of sensitive goods, focusing on the strategic issues confronting this sector in a rapidly evolving international context.
In December 2013, at its fourth conference, the Group met with African experts to debate the question of how African countries control the trade of dual-use items and the challenges they face in their search for effective regulations. The objective was to study whether international norms and experiences, pertaining both to states and to organisations, could be used as standardised models for African countries affected by unique security concerns.
This volume analyses and discusses those trade control systems which could be described as «models» and might therefore serve as a standard to be exported to the African countries in question. The debate is multi-levelled and studies the possibility of setting universal, regional or even-sub-regional norms.
The contributors to this book, who display a wide variety of expertise, call for the adoption of norms which they argue have the potential to reconcile freedom of trade with international security, without presuming that these norms should be universal.
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Dual-Use Trade Control. National and Sub-Regional Model for Africa (Yacine Amara)

← 50 | 51 →Dual-Use Trade Control


National and Sub-Regional Model for Africa

Yacine Amara

Nuclear Lawyer

This chapter discusses first the UN Security Council Resolution 1540/(2004) with reference to its implementation in Africa. Second, it analyses the possibilities to examine export control models (regional or sub-regional) appropriate for the African continent and, finally, gives a brief description of the Algerian State practice in terms of its national export and import control system.

Briefly, the process of implementing the UNSC Resolution 1540 in Africa is often described as slow, primarily due to the fact that less than two thirds of African States have submitted their latest reports to the UN 1540 Committee. Most reports submitted so far contain very little detail about specific nuclear, chemical, and biological capabilities and safeguards, they simply list data on the status of disarmament and non-proliferation measures. Moreover, observers note that the legislations reported are often out-dated and insufficient to deal more effectively with recent WMD threats. As a response States in Africa have provided various reasons for the lack of detailed reporting which definitely should be understood in the context of the large number of competing priorities and challenges, rather than the low level of priority given to the WMD related commitments. The reasons that stand behind the reporting fatigue are the lack of human and financial resources and the politico-economic challenges. Deficient reporting does not necessarily mean that UNSC Resolution 1540 is not implemented on the continent, although submitting reports to...

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