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Modelling Dual-Use Trade Control Systems

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Odette Jankowitsch-Prevor, Quentin Michel and Sylvain Paile

The Chaudfontaine Group was established in 2010 as an annual two-day gathering of young Europeans with diverse academic backgrounds, including lawyers, economists and political scientists, from relevant national authorities, European institutions, scientific centres and industry. Its members are invited to discuss their respective viewpoints on the European trade of sensitive goods, focusing on the strategic issues confronting this sector in a rapidly evolving international context.
In December 2013, at its fourth conference, the Group met with African experts to debate the question of how African countries control the trade of dual-use items and the challenges they face in their search for effective regulations. The objective was to study whether international norms and experiences, pertaining both to states and to organisations, could be used as standardised models for African countries affected by unique security concerns.
This volume analyses and discusses those trade control systems which could be described as «models» and might therefore serve as a standard to be exported to the African countries in question. The debate is multi-levelled and studies the possibility of setting universal, regional or even-sub-regional norms.
The contributors to this book, who display a wide variety of expertise, call for the adoption of norms which they argue have the potential to reconcile freedom of trade with international security, without presuming that these norms should be universal.
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Controlling Export of Nuclear Material and of Dual-Use Goods in Niger (Abdoul Rahimoune Massaoudou)

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Abdoul Rahimoune MASSAOUDOU

Controller General, SOPAMIN-SA

Niger is a landlocked country with a surface of 1,267.000 Km2. The nearest access to the sea is the port of Cotonou, Benin, located at approximately 1,000 Km from Niamey, the Capital of Niger. Niger is the 4th world producer of uranium: uranium production requires massive imports of input materials for the production and, on the other end of the process, the export of unirradiated uranium from the mines located 2,200 km away from the port of Cotonou. The complete export process is carried out in three separate steps: the first step is the conveyance over land from the mines to the port of Cotonou, the second is the sea transport from Cotonou to Malvési in France and, the final step is the transport again over land from the seaport to the site of COMURHEX, to the conversion plant of AREVA. The overland segment carried out by Niger is the stretch ranging from the mining site to the port of Cotonou.

This chapter intends to provide a description of the export of specific materials as contained in the international list of goods defined as “dangerous” or as “radioactive goods” by the competent authorities, notably the Ministry of Transport and the Ministry of Mines. The aim is to present a factual account of this activity as carried out in Niger.

Niger is a member of several regional organisations as inter alia the UEOMA,...

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