Show Less
Restricted access

Modelling Dual-Use Trade Control Systems


Odette Jankowitsch-Prevor, Quentin Michel and Sylvain Paile

The Chaudfontaine Group was established in 2010 as an annual two-day gathering of young Europeans with diverse academic backgrounds, including lawyers, economists and political scientists, from relevant national authorities, European institutions, scientific centres and industry. Its members are invited to discuss their respective viewpoints on the European trade of sensitive goods, focusing on the strategic issues confronting this sector in a rapidly evolving international context.
In December 2013, at its fourth conference, the Group met with African experts to debate the question of how African countries control the trade of dual-use items and the challenges they face in their search for effective regulations. The objective was to study whether international norms and experiences, pertaining both to states and to organisations, could be used as standardised models for African countries affected by unique security concerns.
This volume analyses and discusses those trade control systems which could be described as «models» and might therefore serve as a standard to be exported to the African countries in question. The debate is multi-levelled and studies the possibility of setting universal, regional or even-sub-regional norms.
The contributors to this book, who display a wide variety of expertise, call for the adoption of norms which they argue have the potential to reconcile freedom of trade with international security, without presuming that these norms should be universal.
Show Summary Details
Restricted access

Lessons Learnt from Strategic Trade Control Enforcement Capacity-Building in Western Africa (Renaud Chatelus)


Renaud Chatelus

Senior Scientist Grant Holder,European Commission – Joint Research Centre

Can export control systems be shaped according to universal or regional models? Recent experiences of strategic trade control enforcement training in Western Africa1 was the occasion to get hints about the answer to this question, at least for the enforcement aspects of it. Enforcement is one of the most challenging aspects of export control, even in so-called developed countries. It is legitimate to seek models which can be exported to help building capacity in countries where they don’t exist yet, but it requires three conditions at least: good models must exist, they must be suitable to the local context and they must be transferable (i.e. the elements of the model can be built or provided via assistance programmes). We will see that these conditions are difficult to fulfil when it comes to export control enforcement in a context like Western Africa. However, talking about export control enforcement models may be looking at it from the wrong angle. As often, taking a broader perspective and thinking out of the export control and non-proliferation box may help. Export control enforcement is not only about export control, it is also about enforcement. Models from other enforcement subjects than export control may exist, be suitable and be transferable.

The first question to raise regards the existence of good models. When it comes to enforcement, it is not obvious. Export control enforcement is a challenge in every country....

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.