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What is a Woman to Do?

A Reader on Women, Work and Art, c. 1830-1890

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Edited By Kyriaki Hadjiafxendi and Patricia Zakreski

This anthology contributes to a scholarly understanding of the aesthetics and economics of female artistic labour in the Victorian period. It maps out the evolution of the Woman Question in a number of areas, including the status and suitability of artistic professions for women, their engagement with new forms of work and their changing relationship to the public sphere. The wealth of material gathered here – from autobiographies, conduct manuals, diaries, periodical articles, prefaces and travelogues – traces the extensive debate on women’s art, feminism and economics from the 1830s to the 1890s.
Combining for the first time nineteenth-century criticism on literature and the visual arts, performance and craftsmanship, the selected material reveals the different ideological positions surrounding the transition of women from idleness to serious occupation. The distinctive primary sources explore the impact of artistic labour upon perceptions of feminine sensibility and aesthetics, the conflicting views of women towards the pragmatics of their own creative labour as they encompassed vocations, trades and professions, and the complex relationship between paid labour and female fame and notoriety.

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Index 377

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Index accomplishments 39, 66, 75–6, 84, 114, 171, 179, 187, 219, 225, 263, 267–70 education in 21–5, 152–3, 191, 195–7 acting 2, 99, 244, 305 as an art 103–8, 208–10 and lionism 283 ‘natural’ 103 as a profession for women 195, 198, 205–10, 223, 227–8 actresses 1, 4, 8, 48, 67, 140, 154, 198, 205–10, 227, 243, 267, 275, 311 and public display 51–2, 276–7, 289–97, 307–10, 335–7 and respectability 103–8, 311–14, 356 Addison, Joseph 319, 323 aesthetics 183, 263 and dress 245–53 and economics 1–14, 195, 197, 275 of feeling, cognitive 100 feminine 99–102, 161–7, 195 Aguilar, Grace 301 Alboni, Marie 276 Alexander, Lynn 8 Alford, Lady Marian 183, 197, 261 Allen, Grant 348 amateurism 162 and art 133, 188, 191 and money 83–7, 231, 268 vs. professionalism 2, 11, 49, 63, 183, 186, 187, 196, 199, 269, 301, 335 see also professions ambition 49–50, 63, 142–3, 183, 219, 225, 292, 316, 336, 345, 355–7 see also pseudonymity Anderton, Sarah 198, 205 anonymity 139, 175, 187, 325 anthologies and poetry 161 of women and work 4–5 applause 23, 25, 52, 287, 293, 296–7, 316 apprenticeships 45, 196, 221, 272, 285, 315 Armstrong, Isobel 100 art 76, 99, 111, 177, 181, 224, 315, 343 as divine 135 vs. domestic duties 96, 222, 226, 237 and economics 1–14 gendering of 101, 161, 305...

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