The Semantic Development of Five French Suffixes in Middle English
CHAPTER 5 The Suf fix -ation in Middle English 115
Chapter 5 The Suf fix -ation in Middle English 5.1. History and Morphology 5.1.1. History Marchand tells us that the suf fix -ation ‘anglicizes Latin -atio as well as (learned) French -ation’. He adds that most English words in -ation (i.e. pre- sumably in all periods) have counterparts in both Latin and French (1969: 259, 4.18.1.); Miller makes the same observation of -ation nouns found in Chaucer (1997: 241). The suf fix in ME is usually spelt -acioun. 5.1.2. Morphological types The four types found in my sample correspond to those given by Marchand (1969: 259–61). The last two are the most prominent in my sample. Type 1, e.g. SIGNIFICACIOUN, is formed on verbs in -ify, either borrowed from French or formed on the pattern of borrowed pairs such as edify/EDIFICATION. Type 2, e.g. MARTIRIZACIOUN, is associated with verbs in -ize, the verb suf fix deriving from Greek. Marchand suggests that this pattern did not become productive until the seventeenth century and that in ME these words are borrowings, from medieval Latin rather than from French, as they are either absent from French dictionaries or are ‘recorded later than their English counterparts’ (1969: 260: 4.18.3). 116 Chapter 5 Type 3, e.g. PERFORACIOUN, is formed on a Latin verb stem and may be borrowed holistically from French or translated from Latin using the French suf fix. Later verbs may be back-formed in -ate. Type 4, formed on a French verb stem, is borrowed holistically from French or possibly derived from...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.