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French in and out of France

Language Policies, Intercultural Antagonisms and Dialogue

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Edited By Kamal Salhi

This book examines policy planning and implementation and language variation in the realm of intercultural communication in France, Europe, the Americas, Australia, North and Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East. The book aims to discern trends in the development of the capacity of Francophone speakers to engage in dialogue across linguistic boundaries. Each study in the volume seeks to evaluate and analyse the antagonistic situations that have resulted from colonial culture and the post-independence hegemonic cultures. These situations are investigated through their expression in the French language and the languages with which it coexists in the countries considered here. The expertise of linguists and language specialists in this volume provides formalist and structural insights and an innovative phenomenology of language and newly available quantitative and qualitative studies of synchronic language. These methodologies are applied to a wide range of subject areas: law, history, literature, politics and society. Taken as a whole the book offers a fresh perspective on the issues surrounding French within and beyond France in the post-colonial and Francophone contexts.

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Kamal Salhi - Introduction: French Within and Without France 1

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KAMAL SALHI Introduction: French Within and Without France The studies of language issues within and beyond France collected in this book are the result of a long collaborative research project carried out between fellow scholars working in British, Irish, French and Austra- lian universities. These qualitative and quantitative studies have been guided by recent developments in policies and attitudes with regard to the situation of French and the languages with which it coexists in Eur- ope, Africa, the Americas, Australia and the Middle East. The work collected here is representative only of the French language and its effects in the world, and the geographical coverage has no claims to exhaustive- ness. The theme of the volume is dictated very largely by the nature of this particular area of language study and the attempts that have been made to steer developments in the recent history of the French language, either in terms of policy, social attitudes, literary and cultural work or of conflicts centred on language issues. The various chapters are therefore intended to constitute a coherent pattern of distinct but closely related elements. They concentrate primarily on three European countries: France, Switzerland and Belgium; three North African countries: Mo- rocco, Algeria and Tunisia; the countries of West and Southern Africa; three Middle Eastern countries: Syria, Egypt and Lebanon; the Americas; and Australia. The first two chapters of this book set the cultural, political and linguistic parameters of the areas under discussion. They elucidate the concept of lafrancophonie and examine France's...

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