Modernity, Myth and Memory
1 to other Italians can be dated back centuries before his time. Particular attention will be given to the print media in the city, and especially to the two main Turin newspapers, La Stampa and La Gazzetta del Popolo and their self styled missions of national pedagogy. While their politics may have dif fered considerably, I argue a certain stylistic continuity between these previous Piedmontese editors and Gobetti, in the shared sense of a mission to reform the Italian character. The chapter concludes by situating the young Gobetti in Turin, describing his early life and personal experi- ence of the city up to 1918 when his public life began. Tracing the origins of Turin’s avant-garde culture in the turbulent atmosphere of post-war Italy, Chapter 2 begins with a discussion of Gobetti’s first journal Energie Nove which he began to publish in November 1918 at the age of just seventeen, before moving on to a detailed examination of Gramsci, early communism and the Ordine Nuovo periodical, and Gobetti’s celebrated oppositional journal La Rivoluzione Liberale. Although the young intellectuals are almost wholly absorbed in abstractions when they begin to write and edit – from the philosophical idealism of Croce and Gentile to socialist theory – they gradually become more and more inter- ested in the city around them, and Turin again emerges as a central char- acter in this chapter. It is the shared interest in the industrial and militant working-class character of Italy’s most modern city that forms the common thread between Gramsci...
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