An Integrated Approach to Effectiveness Research in CALL
Chapter 9 - A new framework for evaluating CALL 247
Chapter 9 A new framework for evaluating CALL MFE2: A new methodology for evaluating CALL Dunkel defined ef fectiveness research as ‘systematic evaluation’ (1991: 23–24). This enquiry has been, above all, a quest for an improved systema- tization of the field of CALL ef fectiveness research. It has featured an exploration of evolving practice, agenda setting, as well as gaps and weak- nesses in the field of ef fectiveness research in CALL. From the outset our enquiry was divided into three main strands or clusters of related questions. The first strand concerned the nature of learning and language learning, and their relationship to computer-assisted language learning. The second strand concerned the nature and degree of the impacts of CALL on lan- guage learners and learning, the various learning processes, styles, skills and sub-skills; the loci of these impacts were at the human-computer interface and at the juncture of the Three ‘Ps’ (platforms, programs and pedagogy), and we were interested in the combined ef fects and synergies occurring at these intersections. The third strand of enquiry concerned the nature, direction and quality of CALL evaluation: if CALL does make a dif fer- ence, we wanted to know how this can best be measured, what combina- tions of judgmental and empirical, qualitative and quantitative measures were appropriate in dif ferent settings. Following on from our three-strand enquiry, and from the Case Studies that it generated, an end-product has emerged which now needs to be tested by others across all educational sec-...
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