Spanish Republican Exile Theatre and Performance
Edited By Helena Buffery
Each chapter takes a particular case study as a starting point in order to assess the place of a particular text, practitioner or performance within Hispanic theatre tradition and then goes on to examine the case study’s relationship with the specific sociocultural context in which it was located and/or produced. The authors investigate wider issues concerning the recovery and performability of these documentary traces, addressing their position within the contemporary debate over historical and cultural memory, their relationship to the contemporary stage, the insights they offer into the experience and performance of exile, and their contribution to contemporary configurations of identity and community in the Hispanic world. Through this commitment to interdisciplinary debate, the volume offers a new and invigorating reimagination of twentieth-century Hispanic theatre from the margins.
DAVID GARCÍA VIDALExile and the Theatre of the Galician Diaspora 161
DAVID GARCíA VIDAL Exile and the Theatre of the Galician Diaspora It is part of morality not to be at home in one’s home. — Theodor Adorno 1951: 39 The beginnings of Galician emigration to the Americas date back to the economic migration of the early nineteenth century, yet it increased in intensity from 1870 onwards, and it is estimated that around 800,000 people settled there between 1911 and 1960 ( Juana 1990). Up until 1920, the main destinations for Galician emigrants were Cuba, Argentina, Brasil and Uruguay; yet from then onwards, Buenos Aires was to replace Havanna as the principal focus of activity. Between 1936 and 1945 there was a marked shift in the profile of Galician emigration, with the inf lux of political refu- gees and exiles from the Spanish Civil War. The main destinations for this contingency were Argentina, Uruguay and Mexico. At the same time the f low of economic emigrants remained almost constant right up until the 1960s, when the principal focus of Galician emigration shifted to northern Europe, alongside significant population movement within Spain, to the more economically af f luent areas of Madrid, Catalonia and the Basque Country. In the main, the Galician diaspora constituted itself from a cul- tural and territorial perspective, in which the Galician language played a central role; though there was also an important political dimension, par- ticularly in the years immediately after the Civil War. Many sociocultural activities were promoted and undertaken by Galician emigrants in Latin America...
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