The United Kingdom and Germany
Chapter 4Trends in the Restructuring of German Universities 97
Chapter 4 Trends in the Restructuring of German Universities1 What happens when a highly regulated educational system – one featur- ing academic freedom, a national outlook and an input-oriented state-run bureaucracy – attempts to internationalise and introduce management structures that are outcome-oriented, deregulated, and more ef ficient? The question is relevant in many countries where universities are trying to get out from under the state, and it is critically important in the formerly Communist systems as well as in countries where Prussian traditions have inf luenced the university model. In the case of Germany, examined in this article, it has long been admitted that change is needed. There is no short- age of exhortation to achieve it, both within and outside government. Yet the German model is an immensely inf luential one, both in Europe and the United States (Teichler and Wasser, 1992). Accordingly, a change in German higher education would represent a significant reconfiguration in the academic world. My purpose in this article is to explore the measures currently being taken to modernise and create a market within German universities, and to evaluate the success of these measures. The following questions are addressed: How are marketising trends being manifested in governance and law, management, finance, quality assurance, and human resource management? What are the obstacles to marketising trends? How are these trends inf luencing the model of the German state in its post-war incarnation? To address these questions, trends in the restructuring of German universities were studied both qualitatively and quantitatively....
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