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Strategic Rebellion

Ethnic Conflict in FYR Macedonia and the Balkans

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Pavlos Ioannis Koktsidis

Since the end of the Cold War, the consolidation of peace and security in south-eastern Europe has been one of the most complex and troublesome issues facing the international community. The sequence of conflicts in the Balkans has resulted in serious loss of life, economic collapse, and a number of controversial interventions, leading contemporary scholars to reconsider old perceptions about violent ethnic conflict. Drawing on a wealth of theoretical and empirical sources, this book tackles some of the prevailing questions on the root causes and management of ethnic conflict. Under what conditions do ethnic minorities become violent? How credible are the theories of «relative deprivation» and «greed» in explaining the outbreak of conflict? Is the use of coercive diplomacy a superior alternative to direct military forms of intervention? This book provides an analytical account of the socio-economic roots of ethnic conflict, the opportunities for violent mobilization and the success of strategic coercion in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and it also examines related developments in Kosovo and the Balkans.

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Glossary of Ethnic Terms xv

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Glossary of Ethnic Terms Albanians All people of Albanian origin/ethnicity/con- sciousness. Albanians in Albanians in the Former Yugoslav Republic of FYR Macedonia Macedonia. BiH Bosnia-Herzegovina. Bulgarian-Macedonians Bulgarians from the region of Macedonia. Greek Macedonia Part of the geographic region of Macedonia in Greece. Greek-Macedonians Greeks from the region of Macedonia. Macedonia The geographical area incorporating today’s Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the Greek northern province of Macedonia and the Pirin region in Bulgaria. Macedonians (Ancient) An ancient branch of the Hellenic people whose civilization developed mostly within the existing borders of Greek Macedonia/Northern Greece. Macedonians The native inhabitants of the geographical area of Macedonia, of all ethnic/national af filiations and origins: Greeks, Bulgarians, Serbs, Turks, Albanians, Jews etc. Macedonian-Albanians Albanians in the region of Macedonia. (The term denotes mainly those Albanians who reside within FYR Macedonia.) “Macedonism” The doctrine that a separate Macedonian nation- ality exists independent of ethnic af filiation. xvi Glossary of Ethnic Terms Serbs All people of Serb origin/ethnicity. Serbians Serbs and the Serb authorities of the Republic of Serbia. Slav Macedonians The native Slavic Macedonian population of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Yugoslav Citizen of Yugoslavia. Yugoslav Macedonia The geographical area of Macedonia under Yugo- slav rule.

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