Ethnic Conflict in FYR Macedonia and the Balkans
Chapter 2The Collapse of Socialist Yugoslavia 51
Chapter 2 The Collapse of Socialist Yugoslavia This chapter examines the sources of minority discontent in the Former Yugoslav Republic (FYR) of Macedonia, and underlines the strategic fac- tors that inf luence the violent transformation of ethno-political conf lict. We analyse the impact of socio-economic decline on the attitudes of the Albanian community in the Socialist Federal Yugoslav Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) and assess the grievances expressed by the Albanian community in FYR Macedonia throughout the first ten years of the post- Yugoslav era. Using the analytical framework of “strategic rebellion”, we demonstrate how socio-political oppression and economic marginalization impacted on the Albanian community in FYR Macedonia, causing an intense feeling of aggressive frustration among them. However, the system- atic political and socio-economic deprivation of the minority Albanians in FYR Macedonia cannot suf ficiently account for, or justify, the organ- ized violent rebellion, unless other factors of vital strategic importance are taken into consideration. Hence, in Chapter 5 we examine three major pre-conditions allowing for the decision of politically active minority groups, in this case the Albanians in FYR Macedonia, to use violence: (a) state strength and denial of external state legitimacy, (b) rebel resources and (c) regional conf lict spillovers. Political Oppression and Economic Decline On 31 January 1946, the Yugoslav Communist Party of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia of ficially declared the new Constitution of the Socialist (People’s) Yugoslav Republic (SYR) of Macedonia. The 52 Chapter 2 Constitution provisioned for the protection of ethnic minority rights, and...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.