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Surrealism, History and Revolution

Simon Baker

This book is a new account of the surrealist movement in France between the two world wars. It examines the uses that surrealist artists and writers made of ideas and images associated with the French Revolution, describing a complex relationship between surrealism’s avant-garde revolt and its powerful sense of history and heritage. Focusing on both texts and images by key figures such as Louis Aragon, Georges Bataille, Jacques-André Boiffard, André Breton, Robert Desnos, Max Ernst, Max Morise, and Man Ray, this book situates surrealist material in the wider context of the literary and visual arts of the period through the theme of revolution. It raises important questions about the politics of representing French history, literary and political memorial spaces, monumental representations of the past and critical responses to them, imaginary portraiture and revolutionary spectatorship. The study shows that a full understanding of surrealism requires a detailed account of its attitude to revolution, and that understanding this surrealist concept of revolution means accounting for the complex historical imagination at its heart.

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Bibliography 349

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349 Bibliography Adamowicz, E., Surrealist Collage in Text and Image, Cambridge, 1998. Adereth, M., Elsa Triolet and Louis Aragon: An Introduction to Their Interwoven Lives and Works, New York, 1994. Ades, D. (ed.), Dada and Surrealism Reviewed, London, 1978. Ades D., and S. Baker, Undercover Surrealism: Georges Bataille and Documents, London and Cambridge, Mass., 2006. Adhémar, J., ‘Les statues parisiennes des grands hommes’, Gazette des Beaux Arts, LXXXIII, Paris, March 1974. Adorno, T., ‘Looking Back on Surrealism’ (ed. Irving Howe), Literary Modernism, New York, 1967. Adorno, T. and M. Horkheimer, Dialectic of Enlightenment (trans. J. Cumming), New York, 1972. Agulhon, M., Marianne into Battle: Republican Imagery and Symbolism in France, 1789–1880 (trans. J. Lloyd), Cambridge, 1977. —— Marianne au Pouvoir: L’imagerie et la symbolisme républicaines 1880–1914, Paris, 1989. —— Histoire Vagabonde I: Ethnologie et Politique dans la France Contemporaine, Paris, 1988. —— The French Republic 1879–1992, Oxford, 1993. d’Almeras, H., Le Marquis de Sade, L’homme et L’écrivain, Paris, 1906. Alquié, F. (ed.), Le Surréalisme: Entretiens dirigées par F. Alquié, Paris, 1968. Amalvi, C., ‘Bastille Day’, Realms of Memory Vol.III Symbols (ed. P. Nora, trans. A. Goldhammer), New York, 1998, pp.117–59. Antliff, M., Inventing Bergson. Cultural Politics and the Parisian Avant-Garde, Princeton, 1993. Apollinaire, G., L’Oeuvre du Marquis de Sade, ‘Les Maitres de L’Amour’, Paris, 1909. Apollinaire, G., F. Fleuret and L. Perceau, L’Enfer de la Bibliothèque National, Paris, 1911. Aragon, L., Aurélien, Paris, 1944. —— Le musée Grévin, Les poissons noirs...

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