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How To Become A Lawyer?


Edited By Izabela Krasnicka and Magdalena Perkowska

The present publication collects the contributions of the colloquium «How to Become a Lawyer in Europe», which took place on June 4, 2010 in Andorra la Vella – within the frame-work of the 15th annual meeting of the representatives of the Network of European Universities in Legal Studies.
We gathered articles concerning not only many European countries but also the United States and a special contribution is made to the system in California (USA). Each part is a unique guide through internal regulations leading to different legal professions. The articles present the academic education system in the field of law and also special requirements and professional exams giving the right/permission to perform legal professions. The reader will see the differences and similarities especially in the European systems of the presented countries.


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How to become a lawyer in Poland? Izabela KRAĝNICKA, Izabela SKOMERSKA-MUCHOWSKA Introduction Legal studies have been one of the most popular majors chosen by the Polish high school graduates for many years. Graduating from a Fac- ulty of Law has guaranteed not only a prestigious education but also variety of possibilities on the job market. Procedure to become a prac- ticing lawyer in Poland has recently gone under several import ant reforms and access to the profession is now more state regulated and therefore open to the wider group of candidates. Secondary education in Poland (high schools), ends with the ma- turity examination (so called “matura” exam – standardized national secondary school achievement examination). It is the final exam re- quired for graduation. The maturity certificate is the graduation certif- icate and consists results of particular tests taken during the examina- tion.65 Candidates then send those results to the Law Faculties of their choice. Naturally the better results, the better chances for entering a well-ranked Law Faculty. Legal studies are based on a five-year uniform program. Gradu- ates from high school apply directly to the chosen Faculties of Law. There are two types of law schools in Poland: 65 More on the Polish educational system see: The system of education in Poland, EURYDICE, Warsaw 2008, available at: or J. Jung-Miklaszewska: The system of education in the Republic of Poland. Schools and Diplomas, Bureau for Academic Recognition and International Exchange, Warsaw 2003, available at: . 76 Izabela KRAĝNICKA, Izabela SKOMERSKA-MUCHOWSKA first...

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