Edited By Izabela Krasnicka and Magdalena Perkowska
We gathered articles concerning not only many European countries but also the United States and a special contribution is made to the system in California (USA). Each part is a unique guide through internal regulations leading to different legal professions. The articles present the academic education system in the field of law and also special requirements and professional exams giving the right/permission to perform legal professions. The reader will see the differences and similarities especially in the European systems of the presented countries.
LAURA MAGDALENA TROCAN - HOW TO BECOME A LAWYER IN ROMANIA 91
How to become a lawyer in Romania Laura Magdalena TROCAN Juridical education in Romania In Romania, the essential condition for accessing the juridical profes- sions is passing with a bachelor diploma the classes of a program of bachelor university studies of Law. The registration to such a program may be accomplished only after graduating high school (whose clas- ses usually develop during 12 years) with a matriculation diploma and after passing an admission contest76. The programs of bachelor university studies in the Law field are organized both in the framework of the state universities and in the framework of the private universities77. For an university to establish 76 Considering that, in Romania, universities enjoy university autonomy (art. 123 of Law no. 1/2011 of national education), every university may establish the way they organize this admission contest, by respecting the general conditions imposed by the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports of Romania. In the recent years, some law faculties in Romania have chosen the option ac- cording to which the admission at the programs of Law bachelor university stud- ies is accomplished by considering the general average obtained by candidates at the matriculation exam, and others have chosen for the admission to be accom- plished based on the average obtained at an admission exam organized by them, consisting of supporting written tests in subjects studied in high school by the candidates, such as: Romanian language, History/Philosophy, Economy. 77 State universities in Romania in whose framework there are programs of...
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