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Hospitals and Communities, 1100-1960

Christopher Bonfield, Jonathan Reinarz and Teresa Huguet-Termes

Published by Peter Lang in 2007, The Impact of Hospitals 300-2000 (ed. Henderson, Horden and Pastore) comprised a selection of the papers delivered at two conferences (in 1999 and 2001) that were organised by the International Network for the History of Hospitals (INHH). The present volume, based on the Network’s 2009 Barcelona conference, offers a new, wide-ranging collection of papers on the theme of ‘Hospitals and Communities’. It discusses a select group of hospitals and communities, including those based in Europe and the Americas, from three main perspectives: isolation and disease, communities and the poor, and war and hospitals.
The subject of community has been researched extensively by sociologists and anthropologists, less so by historians. The 2009 conference challenged participants to consider the idea of community in relationship to the hospital and, particularly, to reflect on how historians should approach the wide range of communities that continue to be shaped by the work of these institutions. Collectively, the case studies in this volume demonstrate that navigation of the history of hospitals requires an understanding of the societies in which these institutions operated. In other words, hospital histories are not just stories about medical institutions; they offer considerable insight into the communities in which they were situated and with which they intersected.

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List of Illustrations and Tables

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Illustrations Cover illustration: Hospital of Santa Maria Nuova, Florence (Wellcome Library, London) 1.1 San Miniato al Monte and San Francesco al Monte alle Croci, Florence: Lazaretti in 1630–1 29 1.2 Villa Rusciano, Florence: Quarantine Centre in 1630–1 35 2.1 The Hospital Complexes from B. Bordone’s Isolario (Venice, 1534) 55 2.2 Map of Venice from T. Porcacchi’s L’isole piu famose del mondo (Venice, 1572) 64 3.1 Map of Jerusalem c. 1130 83 5.1 The Final Pages of the Obit Book of the Leper Hospital of St Mary Magdalen at Gaywood, near King’s Lynn 126 5.2 The Tomb of Colars Jacoris (d. 1395) from J. Helbig, La sculpture et les arts plastiques au pays de Lièges (Bruges, 1890) 130 8.1 Occupations of the Hospital Patients (Setúbal 1781–1836) 227 8.2 Admissions to the Hospital do Espírito Santo in Évora, 1555–1755 230 8.3 Admissions to the Hospital do Espírito Santo in Évora by Month 230 8.4 Patients’ hospital histories at the Hospital do Espírito Santo in Évora 231–2 10.1 Map of the Caribbean 263 10.2 Map of Northwest Peninsula and Islands of Trinidad 269 10.3 Map of Chacachacre: The Site of the Leprosarium 274 x List of Illustrations and Tables 11.1 Locations and Types of Slave Infirmaries in the Antebellum South 295 11.2 Dr M.H. De Leon ‘Hospital for Negroes’ (South Carolina Gazette and Columbia Advertizer, July 4, 1828) 296 11.3 Advertisement for Touro Infirmary, New Orleans (1855) 306 12.1 Exterior of the Monastery...

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