Perspectives on Translation and Interpreting Training
Edited By Celia Martín de León and Víctor González-Ruiz
7 Translation Evaluation Upside Down: Phenomena Instead of Errors (Petra Klimant)
Petra Klimant 7 Translation Evaluation Upside Down: Phenomena Instead of Errors Abstract This chapter presents an approach to translation quality assessment that contrasts with the commonly applied but controversial error checklists paired with grade-point systems. The idea of this paper has its origin in a current research project on cognitive translatol- ogy about the effects of the translator’s mental fatigue on translation quality. In the pilot experiment, a panel of three professional evaluators independently marked the translation segments that they considered to be problematic in the target language. Two traditional approaches to translation evaluation are compared to the one in the current research proj- ect. Finally, a few proposals are made in order to optimize current translation evaluation systems in the contexts of research and training. Introduction Translation quality assessment has long since been one of the most fre- quently discussed topics within translation didactics. At least since Juliane House published her first version of a text-based model for translation evaluation (1977), translatologists have aimed to establish a list of universal evaluation criteria. Today, various approaches co-exist, such as the use of the classical (linguistic checklist) evaluation of the target text (TT), as in Martínez Melis and Hurtado Albir (2001), which remains the most popular option, the translation analysis without the evaluation of the TT ( Jakobsen 2003; Englund Dimitrova 2005), the analysis of the TT in relation to translation process revisions (Livbjerg and Mees 1999), or the translation- relevant analysis of the source text (ST) (Nord 1988). 182 Petra...
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