An Archaeological Re-assessment of Forty-Seven Early Byzantine Basilical Church Excavations Primarily in Israel and Jordan, and their Historical and Liturgical Context
Chapter 3: What can church sites reveal about liturgy?
← 42 | 43 → CHAPTER 3
What can church sites reveal about liturgy?
The previous chapter outlined the method used to approach the research question. It was argued that it is possible that institutional activities associated with the Early Byzantine Church could be detected in the archaeological record using comparative analysis of repeated patterns of artefactual deposition across a catalogue of sites with the same basic plan.1 It has been further argued that the basilical church is the best and most appropriate focus of research into comparative analysis of repeated patterns of artefactual deposition. That is, not all basilical churches, but rather the three most common church plans in the Levant (figure 2.2) commonly described as (i) a monoapsidal basilica, (ii) a basilica with an inscribed apse with a room to either side of it, and (iii) a triapsidal basilica.2 These three church plans were initially referred to as Type I, Type II and Type III church plans.3
← 43 | 44 → Archaeological evidence for Early Byzantine basilical church plans
In practical terms there are differences between the three most common basilical church plans that have an effect upon the deposition of artefacts. For example, only the plan with the inscribed apse (figure 2.2) actually has a room either side of the apse in which artefacts can be deposited and so these need to be placed into a separate category so that they can be directly compared with other similar sites. Similarly triapsidal churches have side...
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