Problems and Perspectives in a Heterogeneous Field
The choice of case studies aims to capture a broad range of service sector employment, in terms of both working conditions and employment relations arrangements. As well as covering a number of key sectors, the choice of home countries of the selected firms also aims to capture the impact of national influences for the main industrial relations models in Europe. Overall, the study offers insights into the complexities of the Europeanization of company-level industrial relations in a dynamic field now also confronted by the convulsions unleashed by the Eurozone crisis.
Chapter 3: UNI Europa and the policy field of transnational companies
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UNI Europa and the policy field of transnational companies
The European Trade Union Federations (ETUF) play a major role in developing European-level company-based industrial relations in two key respects. Firstly, they represent employees and national trade unions in the political process through which the legal framework for European company-level industrial relations (EWC, SE-WC etc.) has been established; and secondly they are a directly active and influential party in the development of European industrial relations in transnational companies.
Given the size and heterogeneity of the service sector, together with broader processes of economic transformation that have enhanced the role of services, there is virtually no ETUF that is not represented, if only marginally, in this sector (for example, the manufacturing ETUF IndustriAll represents employees in software development). ETUFs such as EPSU (public services), ETF (transport), ETUCE (education and science), EJF (journalism) or EuroCop (police) operate wholly within the service sector.
This study focuses on UNI Europa, which, as a multi-sectoral federation, brings together a variety of service areas (finance, commerce, post, telecoms, property services etc.). Not all sectors represented by UNI Europa can be unambiguously assigned to the service sector: in particular, printing and packaging both have features typical of traditional manufacturing.1 ← 33 | 34 →
3.1 Organizational characteristics of UNI Europa
UNI Europa has more than 320 affiliated trade unions, representing some seven million individual members in fifty European countries. It was formed on 1...
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