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A Civil War of Words

The Cultural Impact of the Great War in Catalonia, Spain, Europe and a Glance at Latin America

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Edited By Xavier Pla, Maximiliano Fuentes and Francesc Montero

The Great War did not only mark the history of the twentieth century: to a large extent, the conflict also affected culture and literature in Europe and the rest of the world. This collection of essays aims to provide the reader with a broad and transdisciplinary perspective on the cultural and political impact of the Great War. Using a comparative approach and focusing on Catalonia and Spain, this volume reflects the enormous variety of representations of the ‘theatre of war’ in both neutral and belligerent countries, causing a significant rejuvenation in fiction and journalistic genres in the subsequent decades.
This book features essays by some of the most important specialists in the First World War from Spain, Italy, Portugal, the United Kingdom and Latin America, who, in the centenary of the conflict, provide an innovative critical approach to this crucial event in contemporary history.
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Witnesses to an ‘Apocalyptic Storm’: Catalan Intellectuals and the Great War

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Sense sospitar encara de què es tractava en realitat, però sobtats ja, en el fons, per una angoixa misteriosa: un pressentiment vague de la tempesta apocalíptica que encara dura i que només Déu sap quan i com acabarà.

— GAZIEL

War of Words

In Gaziel’s prologue to París 1914. Diari d’un estudiant [Paris 1914. Diary of a student] written for the 1964 edition, he indicated an awareness of the world’s transformation that took place in 1914, similar to what Stefan Zweig summed up years later in a much-cited title Die Welt von Gestern [The world of yesterday], his posthumously published memoirs of 1944. In a passage from his diary Gaziel had already evoked loneliness at the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris and commented self-consciously:

Aquesta guerra que ha desorganitzat traïdorament l’exèrcit de la cultura europea, del qual jo sóc només un petit i humil aspirant, serà vençuda i dominada per ella. I la mateixa barbàrie serà motiu d’engrandiment més de la biblioteca futura. D’aquí a ← 325 | 326 → cent anys, la guerra de 1914, convertida en tema d’estudi, quedarà reduïda a alguns centenars de volums més que ompliran nous prestatges d’aquesta catedral silenciosa.2

[This war has disrupted treacherously the army of European culture, of which I’m just a small and humble member, will be dominated and defeated by her. And it is barbaric characteristic will be...

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