A Sociohistorical and Dialectological Account
Chapter 3: Language contact in the North Peruvian Andes and its sociohistorical basis
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Language contact in the North Peruvian Andes and its sociohistorical basis
In this chapter I will outline a history of language contact in the northern Peruvian Andes, specifically in the area of former Culle language use, directing special attention to the sociohistorical basis of the contact. For this purpose, I will focus on three aspects. First of all, I will consider available information about the indigenous language at hand, as well as its interactions and competition with Quechua initially and later with Spanish. Secondly, I will look at the discourse produced by the colonial system – the Catholic Church in particular – about the questione della lingua from the sixteeenth through the early nineteenth centuries. Finally, I will observe some crucial economic spaces of production in this region during the same period, under the interpretation that a necessary though not sufficient condition for the emergence of language varieties, subvarieties, and languages – in this case, for the emergence of a particular subvariety of Spanish – involves the existence of communicative circuits that are associated with such spaces. In addition to consulting published sources about the history of the North Peruvian Andes to arrive at this chapter’s results, I have reviewed a group of civil and ecclesiastic archives with the purpose of increasing available documentary evidence. The details about this survey are presented in Appendix 1.
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