Studies in English Language History in Honour of Leiv Egil Breivik
Edited By Kari Haugland, Kevin McCafferty and Kristian A. Rusten
The essays are all empirical studies, based on a wide range of corpora (both historical and contemporary) and applying theoretical approaches informed by Systemic-Functional Grammar, grammaticalization theory, dependency grammar, historical linguistics, sociolinguistics and corpus linguistic methods. Issues of methodology, statistics and corpus construction and annotation are also addressed in several contributions.
Kari E. Haugland: Þa rinde hit & þær comun flod & bleowun windas: On expletives and word order in Old English
← 2 | 3 → KARI E. HAUGLAND
Þa rinde hit & þær comun flod & bleowun windas:1On expletives and word order in Old English
The term expletive is used in a variety of senses. An internet search with expletives and Old English as keywords will generally provide lists of early English profanities. In this paper it will be used with a less colourful import, as a syntactic term referring to nonreferential (or nonthematic) constituents like English it in It rained and there in existential and presentational sentences like There was/came a great flood. Both variants have developed through desemanticization of fully referential elements. They are expletive in the sense of the Latin etymon expletivus ‘serving to fill out or merely occupy space’, as their purpose is to lexicalize a syntactic position that requires overt expression.
The present paper will examine nonreferential uses of it at the earliest stages of English and in particular explore whether the historical development of this expletive pronoun can be accounted for by the mechanisms proposed for THERE type expletives, in English and in other languages. More specifically it will address the hypothesis that expletives originate as syntactic fillers of the topic position in verb-second structures.
Syntactic expletives are generally considered a limited phenomenon, found only in a restricted number of languages (Brugmann 1917: 1, Haiman 1974: 90, Breivik 1984: 17, 2004: 55, Perlmutter 1971, Newmeyer 2004: 204, ← 3 | 4 → Biberauer & van der Wal...
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