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The Life of Prince Diponegoro of Yogyakarta, 1785–1855

Peter Brian Ramsay Carey

This book is a completely revised version of The Power of Prophecy; Prince Dipanagara and the End of an Old Order in Java, 1785–1855 (2007). A vivid biography of Indonesia’s foremost national hero, it tells the story of a remarkable figure whose life spanned his native Java’s troubled transition to the modern world. It will be read with profit by all those interested in the impact of European imperialism on non-European societies, the cultural encounter between West and East, the role of Islam in anti-colonial resistance, and the making of modern Indonesia. An Indonesian-language edition of Destiny has been published simultaneously by Indonesia’s leading publishing house, Penerbit Buku Kompas (Gramedia), as Takdir: Riwayat Pangeran Diponegoro (1785–1855).
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Chapter II: Young Manhood: Marriage, Education and Links with the Religious (santri) Community, 1803–1805



Young Manhood: Marriage, Education and Links with the Religious (santri) Community, 1803–1805

First Marriage and Development of the Tegalrejo Community

In the period after his great-grandmother’s death in October 1803, Diponegoro deepened his connections with the ulama who resided in the villages around Tegalrejo. An important development here was his marriage in circa 1802 to the daughter of a prominent religious teacher from the Sleman area to the north of Yogya. His bride, Raden Ayu Retno Madubrongto, was the second daughter of Kyai Gede Dadapan from the village of Dadapan near Tempel.

The mother of Diponegoro’s eldest and most able son, Raden Mas Ontowiryo (post-August 1825, Pangeran Diponegoro II; post-1830, Raden Mantri Muhamad Ngarip), Madubrongto’s offspring would later write a prophetic-historical account of his life and times – the Babad Dipanagara Surya Ngalam – in which his mother is described as a devout woman who took pleasure in accompanying her husband in his religious duties (Carey 2008:97).

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