The Life of Prince Diponegoro of Yogyakarta, 1785–1855
Chapter V: The Old Order’s Last Champion: The Origins and Course of Raden Ronggo’s Rebellion, 1809–1810
The Old Order’s Last Champion: The Origins and Course of Raden Ronggo’s Rebellion, 1809–1810
The Despoliation of Yogya
On 3 December 1808, the former Rembang Resident, Gustaf Wilhelm Wiese, was installed by Pieter Engelhard as ‘minister’ (Resident) in Yogyakarta. Introduced to the second sultan as a man ‘of soft character and a true heart’, the Javanese chronicles concur that during his incumbency matters proceeded ‘calmly’ (tentrem) (Poensen 1905:140; Carey 2008:205). But this hardly describes the increasingly turbulent nature of Yogya-Dutch relations as the second year of Daendels’ administration dawned.
One of the first problems facing the former Rembang Resident was Daendels’ demand for money. On 22 December, he wrote the Yogya ruler asking for a cash contribution ‘as a sign of his attachment to the [Dutch] government’. Daendels would subsequently obtain some 200,000 Spanish dollars from Yogya, the bulk (196,320 Spanish dollars, around twenty million US dollars in today’s money) taken as indemnity to pay for his army and civilian officials following Raden Ronggo’s revolt (Daendels 1814: Bijlage 2, Additionele Stukken 24; Poensen 1905:135–6).
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