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«Desaparición»

Argentina’s Human Rights Trials

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Edited By Gabriele Andreozzi

The current situation in Argentina is unprecedented. In compliance with prescribed timings and procedures, the crimes committed by the state in recent history are being prosecuted and penalized. This book traces the path of the trials for crimes against humanity in Argentina, from the Trial of the Juntas that began during the presidency of Raúl Alfonsín to current developments under Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, analysing the ideas of memory, truth and justice. In the volume, judges, lawyers, historians, journalists and witnesses from the era of terror give a lucid and critical reconstruction of the last thirty years. The contributors also point to other states where crimes against humanity are still being committed on a daily basis, despite being notionally proscribed.
This book is translated from Spanish, originally appearing under the title Juicios por crímenes de lesa humanidad en Argentina (2011).
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Crimes Against Humanity and Genocide: Origins and Meaning of the Prohibitions

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← 190 | 191 → CARLOS ROZANSKI

How long would man survive on the Earth without law? Not long. When the little monkey climbed down from the tree, the way of resolving problems with other little monkeys was without doubt the use of violence.

One of the important features common to man and animal is that both have been endowed with a so-called benign aggressivity which is eminently defensive, biologically adaptive and as such is at the service of life. This means that the brains of animals are programmed philogenetically to mobilize their impulses to fight or flee only when their essential interests are in danger: food, offspring, access to females. When this danger disappears, so too does aggression. But there is another type of aggression. This one is malignant and is not derived from the animal instincts and does not serve for physiological survival. This aggression is exclusively human and makes man the only living being capable of killing, torturing and destroying individuals of his own species without any sound biological or material benefit, although of course, many commit these acts also for some kind of profit, especially economic.

These differences, amongst other factors, make man and animal relate to the world in different ways. While animals do so by means of instinctively determined mechanisms, man does so by acquiring and assimilating objects (the process of assimilation) and relating them to other persons and to himself (the process of socialization). The principle of the evolution of...

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