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Of Empire and the City

Remapping Early British Cinema

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Maurizio Cinquegrani

This book explores the cinematic representation of the city in British film from 1895 to 1914, featuring depictions of London, Glasgow, Dublin, Delhi and other British colonial cities. The author argues that the films are not only an invaluable record of the economic, social and cultural life of these cities but also that the spatial organization of these urban areas, and the cinematic representations of them, were shaped by the ideology and activity of imperialism. The pioneer camera operators who made these early films often put forward an imperialist ideology by paying particular attention to the cinematic representation of monumental and ceremonial spaces, modern communication and transport within the city and between the city and the empire. Of Empire and the City establishes connections between these cities and their cinematic representation by means of continuous motifs and themes, including modernity, Orientalism, spectatorship and the imperial subject. The book makes a unique contribution to studies of early film, British urban history and the history of the British Empire.
«This is a highly original and genuinely groundbreaking piece of scholarship on early British cinema. Very little work on this subject to date has sought to contextualise films of the 1890s and 1900s within the broader field of the history of imperialism. Cinquegrani's book systematically corrects this ‘blind spot’, and in its use of a wide range of ideas and methodologies […] it offers a compelling new model for future scholarship on British cinema of the silent era.» (Dr Jon Burrows, Associate Professor, Department of Film and Television Studies, University of Warwick)
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Chapter 7: The Perilous Exoticism of the East

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← 216 | 217 → CHAPTER 7

The Perilous Exoticism of the East

Where we encounter allegedly righteous and harmonious fists, an unlikely alliance and a Conservative MP visiting the Far East with a movie camera.

As much as the Indian exotic, British-made images of China invoked the idea of cultural otherness. In 1911 Charles Urban produced a series of films representing China. One of them, In Quaint Peking, has survived and offers an interesting representation of “native” everyday life in Peking. The first scene shows the crowded South Gate, its chaotic traffic of carts and rickshaws. Signs written in Chinese logograms are visible, as are clothing stores and labourers delivering goods. The “natives” look diffident and stare at the camera with suspicion. The following shots represent a local hairdresser, a shoemaker and a Chinese lady smoking her pipe. This is followed by a panorama of the banks of the Guanting Reservoir representing manual labourers during their lunch hour, with a large number of junks and sailing boats in the background. In Quaint Peking, like other actuality films of cities produced between 1899 and 1914, focuses on “native” views and everyday activities and reproduces the East as an alien yet picturesque place for the amusement and education of its audience. In this chapter, I look at early films of cities in mainland China as well as of Crown colonies such as Hong Kong and Singapore, examining the exoticization of those locales and their people, as well as...

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