Radical Unionism in Italy - Back to the Future: Fiom and Chainworkers
ELANOR COLLEONI, STEFANIA MARINO, AND MANUELA GALETTO
Radical Unionism in Italy – Back to the Future: Fiom and Chainworkers
In the Italian context of industrial relations, radical unionism can be identified with various different union types. Until recently, these forms of unionism would have shared the common characteristics of being different from/other than the Trade Union Confederations to which most of the mainstream industrial relations literature usually refers, in particular the three major ones: Cgil (Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro); Cisl (Confederazione Italiana Sindacati Lavoratori); and Uil (Unione Italiana del Lavoro). A straightforward classification of radical unions would then include the names of rank-and-file organisations (sindacati di base), or ‘autonomous’ unions, such as: CUB (Confederazione Unitaria di Base), established in 1992 as expression of a strong opposition to the concertation agreements signed in those years by the Trade Union Confederations, one of the biggest with more than 500,000 members overall; Cobas (Confederazione dei Comitati di Base), established first in the education sector and then grown further to include various workers’ group in different sectors, both private and public; USI-AIT, Unione Sindacale Italiana – Associazione Internazionale dei Lavoratori, a historical anarchic union established in 1912, still present at local level in some public sector organisations, such as hospitals; OrSA, Organizzazione Sindacati Autonomi, particularly active in parts of the transport sector, but present in other private and public organisations; and USB, Unione Sindacale di Base, the result of a merger in 2012 of RdB, Rappresentanze di Base and SdL,...
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