Edited By Jolanta Szpyra-Kozłowska and Eugeniusz Cyran
The papers collected in this volume examine selected aspects of the interaction of phonology with phonetics, morphosyntax and the lexicon in a variety of languages including Korean, Spanish, Brazilian Portuguese, British English, Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, Dutch and Hawaiian. In order to approach the role and ways of expressing extraphonological information in phonology, the international contributors adopt different methods of analysis (data gathering, experiments, theoretical discussions), couched in various theoretical frameworks (such as Optimality Theory and Government Phonology), which reveal both the multifarious faces and interfaces of modern phonological research.
Phonetic basis of phonological representations: Evidence from expressive morphology in Polish (Bartłomiej Czaplicki)
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Phonetic basis of phonological representations:Evidence from expressive morphology in Polish
In this paper it is argued that phonological representations are constructed on the basis of phonetic information. Phonological behavior (alternations and distribution of segments) is irrelevant. Evidence for this claim comes from two areas of expressive morphology in Polish: hypocoristics and diminutives. Preference for alveolopalatals in the formation of hypocoristics and diminutives provides supporting evidence for their specification as palatalized in the mental representation. Similar evidence is missing for retroflexes. In fact, a diachronic change in diminutives indicates that the featural specification of retroflexes is not strong enough to prevent their disintegration as a class. While both alveolopalatals and retroflexes have been analyzed as palatalized in the past literature, the present study shows that a phonological specification as palatalized is psychologically real for alveolopalatals, not for retroflexes.
Hayes and Steriade (2004) argue that a model that attempts to represent the construction of a phonological mental grammar must refer to the factors in (1).
a. facts of phonetic difficulty
b. speakers’ implicit knowledge of the facts in (a)
c. grammatical constraints induced from the knowledge in (b)
d. sound patterns reflecting the activity of the constraints in (c)
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