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Phonology, its Faces and Interfaces


Edited By Jolanta Szpyra-Kozłowska and Eugeniusz Cyran

The papers collected in this volume examine selected aspects of the interaction of phonology with phonetics, morphosyntax and the lexicon in a variety of languages including Korean, Spanish, Brazilian Portuguese, British English, Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, Dutch and Hawaiian. In order to approach the role and ways of expressing extraphonological information in phonology, the international contributors adopt different methods of analysis (data gathering, experiments, theoretical discussions), couched in various theoretical frameworks (such as Optimality Theory and Government Phonology), which reveal both the multifarious faces and interfaces of modern phonological research.

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Typology of stress realizations and CVCV representation (Guillaume Enguehard)


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Guillaume Enguehard

Typology of stress realizations and CVCV representation

This paper lists the main melodic realizations of stress and their representations in CVCV. The inventory of the realizations of stress is relatively narrow: vowel lengthening, consonant lengthening, lenition, fortition, glottalization, aspiration and tones. In the frame of CVCV, Larsen (1998) first proposed to represent vowel lengthening with an additional CV unit provided by stress. This CV unit is supposed to be inserted on the right of the stressed nucleus. Then, Scheer (2000) showed that consonant lengthening also can be represented with a CV unit, but inserted on the left of the stressed nucleus. Following these two analyses, it seems that the position of the stress CV depends on its realization. My aim is: i. to highlight that Larsen’s hypothesis accounts for all the melodic realizations of stress (vowel lengthening, consonant lengthening, blocking of vowel reduction, blocking of consonant lenition, aspiration and glottalization); and ii. to show that the position of the stress CV does not depend on its melodic realization (e.g. in a case of vowel lengthening, the stress CV can be inserted on the right or on the left of the stressed nucleus).

1.  Introduction

Word stress is a phenomenon that implies a prominence given to a particular syllable in a word. This prominence is realized by an additional property of the stressed syllable (Garde 1968: 47). Depending on the nature of this property, three types of...

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