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Phonology, its Faces and Interfaces

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Edited By Jolanta Szpyra-Kozłowska and Eugeniusz Cyran

The papers collected in this volume examine selected aspects of the interaction of phonology with phonetics, morphosyntax and the lexicon in a variety of languages including Korean, Spanish, Brazilian Portuguese, British English, Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, Dutch and Hawaiian. In order to approach the role and ways of expressing extraphonological information in phonology, the international contributors adopt different methods of analysis (data gathering, experiments, theoretical discussions), couched in various theoretical frameworks (such as Optimality Theory and Government Phonology), which reveal both the multifarious faces and interfaces of modern phonological research.

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Representing non-neutralization in Polish sandhi-voicing (Geoffrey Schwartz)

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Geoffrey Schwartz

Representing non-neutralization in Polish sandhi-voicing

This paper will present an account of a dialectal Polish sandhi-voicing process within the Onset Prominence representational environment (OP; Schwartz 2013a et seq.). Polish sandhi-voicing has been persistently difficult for phonological frameworks to deal with, since it appears at first glance to be an assimilation process, yet is sensitive to the manner of articulation of the trigger. The present analysis builds on Cyran’s (2013) proposal that the voiced set in ‘true-voice’ languages such as Polish may be phonologically unspecified – a claim that we will show is entirely compatible with phonetic considerations. OP representations allow us to derive the phonetic facts of Polish sandhi-voicing, and encode the relative boundary strength, based on manner of articulation, that underlies the process.

1.  Introduction

Phonological categories involving laryngeal features are the source of great deal of variability with regard to their realization in the speech signal. Ladefoged and Maddieson (1996) describe up to seven distinct categories of laryngeal setting, along with three different airstream mechanisms, which are available for languages to employ in their consonant systems. At the same time, the majority of the world’s languages contain only two series of obstruents (Maddieson 1984). Thus it is clear that in the formation of laryngeal systems, languages synthesize a great deal of phonetic complexity into a small number of categories, resulting in significant phonetic variability in the implementation of contrasts. Laryngeal contrasts may be cued by...

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