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Education policy: Mapping the landscape and scope

Edited By Sandra Bohlinger, Thi Kim Anh Dang and Malgorzata Klatt

This book maps recent developments in the landscape of education policy in higher and vocational education, the returns of education, curriculum design and education reforms, driven by social, economic, political and cultural factors. Contributed by over twenty authors from five continents, this collection provides diverse, innovative and useful perspectives on the ways education policy is researched, implemented and enacted. It helps researchers, policy makers, students and practitioners to better understand processes of policy making, its theory, practice and outcomes. Despite national differences, many shared features and challenges emerge from this book as education systems face the common need to reinvent their existing systems and processes.

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Elite, democratic, economic: Three phases in the development of Australian senior secondary certificates

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This chapter provides a comparative analysis of the evolution of senior secondary certificates of education in the Australian states of Victoria and Queensland. Based on an analysis of policy reforms from the mid-19th century to the present, I argue that the evolution of senior certificates can be understood in terms of three over-arching historical phases: elite, democratic and economic. Each phase reflects distinct normative understandings and practices regarding the role of senior certificates. Understanding the history of senior certificates in three phases provides a foundation from which to develop a broader analysis of historical trends in the development of senior secondary curricula and education in Australia and internationally.

1.  Introduction

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