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Dimensions of the Logical

A Hermeneutic Inquiry

Friedrich Hogemann

Drawing on the work of Georg Misch, this work seeks to give back to the Word its original fullness of meaning. Misch’s notion of a logic of life considers the Word in the plenitude of its great powers. The question of life leads the inquiries undertaken in this study via Misch’s anthropological conception on to the phenomenological ontology of Martin Heidegger and Josef Koenig’s investigation of ‘Being and Thought’. Heidegger’s quest for the meaning of Being calls for a close inspection of its linguistic foundation. ‘Being’ reveals itself as the original truth. It is the verbum demonstrativum in its verbal form. Solely to Indo-European languages is this form immanent. Thus, the established basis may be the starting point from which to reconsider the question of tradition as well as constructs of higher levels.
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Section One. A linguistic consideration of ‘to be’


Chapter 1. The etymology and meaning of ‘to be’


Many questions raised in the foregoing part of this treatise remain to be answered. To these we now turn. But of these questions the one that requires to be answered first is that concerning the ‘to be’. In traditional philosophy the ‘to be’ was always given priority. In what does this priority consist? By way of illustration, take Plotinus’s statement:

Through it there is life (ζωη), is mind (νους); and beings (τα οντα) are to all eternity immobile. Nothing proceeds from them, nothing changes, nothing goes out of existence. For after beings there are no beings that could ‘touch’ it. Were there such a thing, it would endure through this, and if this were its opposite, it could not suffer from this its opposite. If the being is itself, it does not give rise to the being, but if it is another, there would already be something in common, and then that would be the being, so that Parmenides is right when he says the being is a one. And it is not on account of the lack of another that it is incapable of suffering, but rather because it is the being. On it alone does its persistence depend.373

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