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Dimensions of the Logical

A Hermeneutic Inquiry

Friedrich Hogemann

Drawing on the work of Georg Misch, this work seeks to give back to the Word its original fullness of meaning. Misch’s notion of a logic of life considers the Word in the plenitude of its great powers. The question of life leads the inquiries undertaken in this study via Misch’s anthropological conception on to the phenomenological ontology of Martin Heidegger and Josef Koenig’s investigation of ‘Being and Thought’. Heidegger’s quest for the meaning of Being calls for a close inspection of its linguistic foundation. ‘Being’ reveals itself as the original truth. It is the verbum demonstrativum in its verbal form. Solely to Indo-European languages is this form immanent. Thus, the established basis may be the starting point from which to reconsider the question of tradition as well as constructs of higher levels.
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Section Two. Structures of the historical and structures of the transcendental grounding of scientific knowledge


Chapter 1. ‘History’ in Misch and in the methodological subsections of Heidegger’s Being and Time

§ 1.    ‘History’ in Misch’s course on logic513

Misch regards being in agreement with Plato on questions of logic to be ‘the highest endorsement’, höchste Bewährung. Socrates was concerned to produce a conceptual clarification of the phenomenon of life. He asked for example what courage is, what it is essentially, not what we mean by the word ‘courage’. So he directs his question toward those who incorporate this virtue, for instance the soldier Laches, those who have knowledge of it and so must be capable of telling us something about what it is. This aim is never attained in Plato’s dialogues.514 Misch asks why this attempt fails where the aim is correctly envisaged. The reason for the failure is that Socrates seeks something other than conceptual determination that springs from concepts of life, namely determinations that are discursively defined (Aufbau, p. 526). Plato had grounded in things themselves this kind of conceptual determination by genus and species. It is for him an ontological principle. Only through a formalisation is attained, in Kant’s words, the logical law of the genus upon which the traditional theory of definition is based.515

Misch says that we no longer regard this basic metaphysical conception as binding. Ancient ontology with its belief in the conformity to thought of the All has divided itself, and in such a manner that on the one...

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