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Visions and Revisions

Studies in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics


Przemysław Łozowski and Katarzyna Stadnik

The papers reflect on «visions» and «revisions» of selected theoretical and applied linguistic issues. Methodologically, they all reflect and contribute to the polarization between form- and substance-oriented approaches that are typically identified with, respectively, structural and functional paradigms. The diversity of standpoints exemplified and the divergence of operational tools employed make the volume a representative spectrum of the on-going developments in how language is conceptualized and analyzed as both an abstract entity and as a medium of communication, language teaching and learning included. For this reason, the readers will find as much of structural considerations as of functional reflections and practical applications.
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Goal salience in foreign language learners


Abstract. Goal salience is a necessary condition for reaching one’s aim through committed behaviour. It is a motivational tool that allows the foreign language learner to continue to work towards achieving what he/she wants. It is one of the strongest motivators in the second language acquisition process, inducing higher levels of task performance. The results of the empirical research carried out for the purpose of this paper partly support that observation, and reveal that Polish secondary grammar school learners of English with higher levels of foreign language achievement (self-perceived foreign language skills) declare significantly higher levels of goal specificity in comparison to their low achieving peers. Nevertheless, the levels of goal frequency in both groups are similar.

Keywords: Goal salience, goal frequency, goal specificity, motivation, foreign language

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