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From Modernism to Postmodernism

Between Universal and Local

Edited By Gregor Pompe, Katarina Bogunović Hočevar and Nejc Sukljan

The book explores two radical changes of cultural and social paradigm that determined the World after 1945 – Modernism and Postmodernism. From the cataclysmic atmosphere emerged the second wave of Modernism. In art this attitude was manifested in the form of a radical break with the aesthetic and stylistic characteristics of prior generations. In architecture the International Style was born, meanwhile similar «universality» was also a characteristic of musical serialism.

From the beginning of the 1970s the wheels again began to turn in the other direction. The powerful destructive will of modernism increasingly waivered, and the period after modernism – postmodernism – began. The book answers questions related to the reasons for these turnarounds, their consequences and their implications.

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Nikša Gligo - Globalization and/or Pluralism: But What about Musics, Their Styles, Techniques and Musicology?


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Nikša Gligo

Globalization and/or Pluralism: But What about Musics, Their Styles, Techniques and Musicology?

Abstract The pluralism described in this paper is opposed to the concept of globalization. Even “Eggebrecht’s unicultural approach”, criticized by Nettl, presupposes the changeability of “the musically valid”. Some of the cases which oblige us to rethink our reflections on music(s) in general include Mungen’s “BilderMusik”, Duchamp’s idea of “non-cochlear” sound art and “non-retinal” visual art, Dieter Schnebel’s “visual music” or “readable music”, Pauline Oliveros’ “deep listening”, Michael Rebhahn’s suggestion to divide art music today into contemporary classical music and New Music, as well as the complicated terminological classifications in Kenneth Taylor’s Ishkur’s Guide to Electronic Music of so-called “electronic music”.

If globalization is considered as the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas and other aspects of culture, it should comprise a kind of equalization without any specific differences between these world views, products, ideas and other aspects of culture in various parts of today’s world. The final goal of globalization is the grey mass of averageness. I intend to contrast pluralism with this concept of globalization because it always existed in the history of all arts and was (and still is) the condition sine qua non of their existence no matter which period, genre, class or function we refer to. Pluralism is the simultaneous coexistence of various and even opposite aesthetic views, techniques, and styles. Here are...

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