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From Modernism to Postmodernism

Between Universal and Local

Edited By Gregor Pompe, Katarina Bogunović Hočevar and Nejc Sukljan

The book explores two radical changes of cultural and social paradigm that determined the World after 1945 – Modernism and Postmodernism. From the cataclysmic atmosphere emerged the second wave of Modernism. In art this attitude was manifested in the form of a radical break with the aesthetic and stylistic characteristics of prior generations. In architecture the International Style was born, meanwhile similar «universality» was also a characteristic of musical serialism.

From the beginning of the 1970s the wheels again began to turn in the other direction. The powerful destructive will of modernism increasingly waivered, and the period after modernism – postmodernism – began. The book answers questions related to the reasons for these turnarounds, their consequences and their implications.

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Jana Majerová - Musical Quotation as a Fundamental Way for Expressing a Message in the Work of Alfred Schnittke


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Jana Majerová

Musical Quotation as a Fundamental Way for Expressing a Message in the Work of Alfred Schnittke

Abstract This paper focuses on the role of musical quotations in the postmodern works of Alfred Schnittke. Musical quotations have been used for several centuries, but in postmodernism they play a crucial role in the formation of musical material, and what is perhaps more important, by using musical quotations, the composer often expresses the essence of the artistic message of his composition. The role of musical quotations for the understanding of the meaning Schnittke’s musical works will be demonstrated using two examples: his Concerto grosso no. 4 – Symphony no. 5 and Piano Quintet.

Alfred Schnittke (1934–1998) was one of the most important representatives of postmodernism in music. In many of his works, musical quotations play a very significant role, and the use of musical quotation in musical works is one of the most characteristic features of postmodernism in music. Musical quotation does not only represent a music matter on its own, but it also plays a significant role in conveying the artistic message of a musical work. By using musical quotation, the composer can express his relationship not only to the past through the history of music and the present, but also to various levels of style, forms, etc. Musical quotations are often linked with paying tribute to a composer, politics, irony, etc., and represent for a composer the possibility of entering...

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