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Bilingual Landscape of the Contemporary World

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Edited By Sambor Grucza, Magdalena Olpińska-Szkielko and Piotr Romanowski

The concept of bilingualism has been analyzed for a very long time. Its definitions range from native-like competence in two languages to a minimal proficiency in a second language. Hence one might question why no consensus has been reached in this matter. The authors of this volume imply that there exists a number of theoretical and methodological difficulties raised by older definitions. The notion of bilingualism has to be investigated from different perspectives reflected by the dimensions each individual intends to diagnose. The aim of the book is to review critically the state of the art in the field of bilingualism. The volume reveals the details of empirical studies conducted by scholars from Europe, America and Australia. It depicts a truly interesting spectrum of research topics starting with the educational aspects of bilingualism, such as: bilingual acquisition, bilingual parenting methods and bilingual kindergartens, to reveal various issues of sociolinguistics and even bilingual literature.

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In the contemporary world, we become members of multiple linguistic and sociocultural networks. Consequently, we can observe a variety of new and complex interactions within the language and culture. The aim of the present volume is to review the current state of the art in the field of bilingualism. The notion of bilingualism refers to the state of a linguistic community in which two languages are in contact, with the result that two codes can be used in the same interaction. With the included chapters we intend to be thought-provoking and we hope to address some cutting-edge practices, pedagogies and on-going projects in the area, as bilingual education has been widely advocated nowadays. The concept of bilingualism is addressed here not only as an individual, but also as a social phenomenon and, as claimed by various specialists in the field, bilingual orientation is the one and only way to educate societies in the next millennium. Hence, it is our intention, as editors, to offer the reader in-depth information, factual knowledge and insights into this most complex and controversial area of linguistics.

The volume opens with a chapter by Robert Blagoni, Nada Poropat Jeletic and Kristina Blecich, who present the linguistic mosaic of the present-day Istrian Peninsula. The authors concentrate on the description of the sociolinguistic specificities of the unique multilingual Istrian macrosystem, with special reference to the Italophone repertoire characterized by functional bilingualism. They state that the social interactions are shaped by double diglossic or imperfectly...

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