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Pluricentric Languages and Non-Dominant Varieties Worldwide

Part I: Pluricentric Languages across Continents. Features and Usage


Edited By Rudolf Muhr

This is the first of two thematically arranged volumes with papers that were presented at the "World Conference of Pluricentric Languages and their non-dominant Varieties" (WCPCL). It comprises papers about 20 PCLs and 14 NDVs around the world. The second volume encompasses a further 17 papers about the pluricentricity of Portuguese and Spanish. The conference was held at the University of Graz (Austria) on July 8th-11th 2015. The papers fall into five categories: (1) Theoretical aspects of pluricentricity and the description of variation; (2) Different types of pluricentricity in differing environments; (3) African pluricentric languages and non-dominant varieties; (4) The pluricentricity of Arabic and Asian languages; (5) The pluricentricity of European languages inside Europe (Austrian German, Bosnian/Serbian/Croatian, Hungarian, Belgium Dutch, French, Greek, Swedish, Russian).

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Hindi as Contact Language in Bihar and Jharkhand: A Sociolinguistic Study of a Non-dominant Variety of Hindi



This paper attempts to give an account of grammatical & sociolinguistic variation in Hindi, which is used as contact language across the states of Bihar and Jharkhand in India. The nature of the study is socio/ethno-linguistic in a contact setting that is why lots of time was spent in these states and data was collected from the speakers face-to-face. In this paper I attempt to wed the fields of contact linguistics and sociolinguistics and draw inferences from the sociolinguistic variation in language regarding the direction of contact, attitude of speakers towards the languages in contact and the type of contact taking place in the said case and whether or not it is a case of a non-dominant variety and pluricentricity.

1.   Introduction:

Hindi-Urdu has been described as pluricentric language in two ways. First as Hindi and Urdu both as standard varieties are official languages of India and Pakistan respectively (see Dua, 1992). Second, Hindi is pluricentric with relation to various languages in India, as Hindi is the umbrella term used for 49 different languages clubbed together in Census of India 2001 (See Ghosh, 2012).

In this paper I attempt to argue whether the ‘Contact Hindi/Hindis’ (CH) used across many parts of India as Lingua Franca, which also function as Mother Tongue (MT) for many in Indian towns and cities qualify as another case of pluricentricity of Hindi. I will be taking up the case of Contact Hindi of Bihar...

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